Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a sovereign country located in the southernmost tip of South America. It has a republican, democratic, unitary and presidential form of government and its capital is the city of Santiago de Chile.

It is made up of three geographical zones: continental Chile, insular Chile and the Chilean Antarctic Territory, although the latter overlaps with Argentine and British territorial claims. The first of these, continental Chile, comprises a strip on the western coast of the Southern Cone extending between parallels 17°29′57″ S and 56°32′12″ S, mostly from the southeastern shore of the Pacific Ocean to the highest watershed peaks of the Andes Mountains. It reaches a length of 4270 km,25 a maximum width of 445 km at 52°21′ S and a minimum of 90 km at 31°37′ S. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast and Argentina to the east, totaling 7801 km of land borders, and the Drake Passage to the south. The second, insular Chile, corresponds to a group of islands of volcanic origin in the South Pacific Ocean: the Juan Fernández Archipelago and the Desventuradas Islands, belonging to South America, as well as Salas y Gómez Island and Easter Island, located in Oceania. The third, the Chilean Antarctic Territory, is an area of Antarctica26 of 1,250,257.6 km²27 between meridians 53° W and 90° over which the nearest nation claims sovereignty, extending to the South Pole, but is subject to the Antarctic Treaty, to which it is a signatory.2328 Due to the above, it is defined as a tricontinental country.

It has a coastline 6435 km long and exercises exclusive rights, claims of varying degrees and sovereignty over its maritime space, called the Chilean Sea, which comprises four zones: the territorial sea (120,827 km²), the contiguous zone (131,669 km²), the exclusive economic zone (3,681,989 km²) and the continental shelf (161,338 km²).

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Chile is a long, narrow country stretching along the western edge of South America, with more than 6,000 km of coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Santiago, its capital, is located in a valley surrounded by the Andes and the Coastal Range. The city's palm-lined Plaza de Armas is home to the neoclassical cathedral and the National History Museum. The huge Metropolitan Park has swimming pools, a botanical garden and a zoo.


Santiago, the capital and largest city of Chile, is located in a valley surrounded by the snow-capped peaks of the Andes and the Chilean Coastal Range. The Plaza de Armas, the great nucleus of the old colonial center of the city, has 2 neoclassical monuments: the 1808 Palacio de la Real Audiencia, where the National Historical Museum is located, and the 18th century Metropolitan Cathedral. La Chascona is the house transformed into a museum of the poet Pablo Neruda.
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